When it comes to artificial intelligence, Python comes out strong thanks to its wide variety of pre-designed libraries that are particularly useful in artificial intelligence development. Basic AI algorithms like regression and classification are expertly handled by Python’s Scikit-learn. Similarly, libraries like Keras, Caffe, and TensorFlow handle deep learning with finesse, keeping AI development with Python perfectly streamlined and easy. Many other libraries like NumPy, SciPy, Matpolib, SimpleAI and more, make Python one of the most accessible programming languages to work with.

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Python allows programmers to code in an imperative, functional, object-oriented, or procedural style—meaning you use the programming approach that best supports your AI solution. Julia is another high-end product that just hasn’t achieved the status or community support it deserves. This programming language is useful for general tasks but works best with numbers and data analysis. Another advantage to consider is the boundless support from libraries and forums alike. If you can create desktop apps in Python with the Tkinter GUI library, imagine what you can build with the help of machine learning libraries like NumPy and SciPy. It is majorly used for projects that involve computational linguistics and artificial intelligence.

The most benefits that C++ offers for AI app development:

Less popular languages may not have as many examples available. For most programmers, Python is the best programming language for AI. Other top contenders include Java, C++, and JavaScript — but Python is likely the best all-around option for AI development. If your company requires the addition of Artificial Intelligence development services, you need to begin the process of integrating one or more of these languages. With the right development team, there is no limit to what AI can do to help accelerate the growth of your company.

  • C++ is another language that has been around for quite some time, but still is a legitimate contender for AI use.
  • Otherwise, it will increase the development cost, time-to-market, and risk factors for app failure.
  • It does not just simulate the behavior of people but imitates their learning.
  • It is also difficult to learn compared to modern programming languages, and it lacks the community support and user interaction that Python and R have.
  • Smalltalk has been used extensively for simulations, neural networks, machine learning and genetic algorithms.
  • It allows you to query the database even when you have thousands of these facts and rules.

Before we look at individual programming languages, it is worth clearing up some of the terms of machine learning. ML algorithms allow computers to learn from experience without explicit human interference. Java’s Virtual Machine Technology also allows developers to write and run consistent code across all supported platforms and quickly fabricate customized tools.

JS offers multiple benefits that make it good for AI/ML development services:

It is also widely used in astronomy, robotics, network security, parallel supercomputing, and financial modeling and management. If you are an AI aspirant confused about which coding language to select for your next big project, you are landed at the correct destination. Below we’ve shown which programming language is best for developing AI software.

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The runtime engine “TERR” that is part of “Spotfire” is developed in R. Deep learning is a subfield of ML that goes beyond basic machine learning in an attempt to mimic the workings of neural networks in our brains. Neural networks are critical to computers making decisions similar to human decisions. One way to tackle the question is by looking at the popular apps already around.

Best Programming Languages for Machine Learning

R has integrated data and graph modeling support that allows developers to work on Deep Learning in a practical and agile way. Microsoft Azure IoT Edge, a platform used to run Azure services and artificial intelligence on IoT devices, uses rust to create some of its components. R’s S heritage enabled it to have best-in-the class object-oriented programming facilities. R supports procedural programming with the use of functions and object-oriented programming with generic functions. Another study, conducted by Oberlo, states that 91% of top businesses have already invested in Artificial Intelligence.

Which coding language is the future?

Python, Java, JavaScript, Kotlin, R, PHP, Go, C, Swift, and C# are among the most promising programming languages for the future. However, Python is getting more traction than many other programming languages thanks to its versatility and multiple use cases.

The pros and cons are similar to Java’s, except that JavaScript is used more for dynamic and secure websites. Artificial intelligence is difficult enough, so a tool that makes your coding life easier is invaluable, saving you time, money, and patience. Programming languages are notoriously versatile, each capable of great feats in the right hands. AI technology also relies on them to function properly when monitoring a system, triggering commands, displaying content, and so on. Harikrishna Kundariya is a marketer, developer, IoT, ChatBot & Blockchain savvy designer, co-founder, and Director of eSparkBiz Technologies. His 10+ years of experience enables him to provide digital solutions to new start-ups based on IoT and ChatBot.

Software Development Methodologies to Consider

In summary, Java is a powerful, versatile programming language that is well-suited for developing AI and machine learning applications. Its platform-independence, wide variety of libraries, and large and active community make it a great choice for both beginners and experts. LISP is not supported by any popular machine learning libraries.


As promised, now let’s move on to languages a specialist should know. We will briefly describe the 8 languages ​​in demand, and the first will be that “trinity” from the list above. To demonstrate solutions to customers quickly, you must know how to work with prototypes. The work done at that time laid the foundation for automation principles and formal logic used in our PCs. There are computer systems based on them, which help make decisions in complex and ambiguous conditions. By using Towards AI, you agree to our Privacy Policy, including our cookie policy.

What Programming Languages Are Used to Make AI?

Today, 51% of ecommerce best languages for ai use AI to provide their customers a high quality user experience. Haskell is a statically typed and purely functional programming language. What this means, in summary, is that Haskell is flexible and expressive. Julia’s wide range of quintessential features also includes direct support for C functions, a dynamic type system, and parallel and distributed computing. Although its community is small at the moment, Julia still ends up on most lists for being one of the best languages for artificial intelligence.

But for AI and machine learning applications, rapid development is often more important than raw performance. If you are on a time crunch, C++ is the right choice for your project because it is known to accelerate the development process. Not only this, it enables faster implementation along with quick response time.

  • In the context of working with search engines, it reduces response time and improves rankings.
  • It offers excellent production value and smooth integration with all key analytic frameworks.
  • Starting with Python is easy because codes are more legible, concise, and straightforward.
  • Tensorflow is a platform that helps users implement best practices for data automation, performance monitoring, and the retraining of a variety of tools.
  • Haskell allows users to code highly expressive algorithms without sacrificing performance, and the language is ideal for projects that involve abstract math and probabilistic programming.
  • Using Java for AI development can help you get some scalable applications.

Prolog might not be as versatile or easy to use as Python or Java, but it can provide an invaluable service. For a more logical way of programming your AI system, take a look at Prolog. Software using it follow a basic set of facts, rules, goals, and queries instead of sequences of coded instructions. Despite its flaws, Lisp is still in use and worth looking into for what it can offer your AI projects. Grammarly, DART, and Routinic are some of its success stories. Another perk to keep in mind is the Scaladex, an index containing any available Scala libraries and their resources.