The process takes a small amount of time to complete. After compilation is finished, the code can be executed over and over by the Dot Net platform in almost no time. In addition, coding with ASP.NET allows them to control state management, which tends to be a nightmare to code. With ASP.NET, developers can also implement the concept of caching. The performance of the application can be significantly improved if pages which are often requested by users – get cached and stored in a temporary location.

how asp net works

As you can see from everything written above, ASP.NET is a great framework to use when developing websites and web applications. It is very fast, user-friendly, cost-effective, reliable, and quite popular within the dev community. In addition to everything mentioned above, ASP.NET also helps cut down costs. As you probably know, software development is a pricey game. Back in the day, development companies had to pay for expensive software in order to build applications. ASP.NET is a technology, which works on the .Net framework that contains all web-related functionalities.


ASP.Net – This is utilized for developing applications based on the web, which is created to run on every browser, such as Internet Chrome or Firefox Explorer. WinForms – This is utilized for developing applications based on Forms, which would operate on an end-user’s machine. Notepad is one of the examples of an application based on the client. Now I’m going to deploy this application, I use web deployment MSI which creates the required files in the one folder called folderdelopyed. Also, to create web applications ASP.NET provide the 3 development styles which are ASP.NET Web Pages, ASP.NET MVC, Web Forms. Metadata is the binary information describing the program, which is either stored in a portable executable file or in the memory.

This folder contains the files required to support this application but interesting does not contain pagename.aspx.cs and pagename.aspx.designer.cs files. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and learning. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content.

There is a minor difference between the MVC routing and Web API routing, In the Web API the selection of the action uses the HTTP method instead of the URI path. It uses the Routing table that defines the action to be called for which request. We need to specify the routing parameters in the webApiConfig.cs file. The best thing about ASP.NET is that it gives its users full control of their development. This platform can be used for literally all types of projects, regardless of their size and complexity.

While using W3Schools, you agree to have read and accepted our terms of use,cookie and privacy policy. In the Web API framework, the controller manages the HTTP request. The Controller includes the collection of the action methods. The incoming request to the Web API framework, the request matches to the appropriate action. But ASP.NET is only used to create web applications and web services.

State Management – ASP.Net has the facility to control state management. Let’s take an example of a shopping cart application. Now, when a user decides what he wants to buy from the site, he will press the submit button.The application needs to remember the items the user choose for the purchase. This is known as remembering the state of an application at a current point in time. When the user goes to the purchase page, HTTP will not store the information on the cart items. Additional coding needs to be done to ensure that the cart items can be carried forward to the purchase page.

ASP.Net is a framework which is used to develop a Web-based application. The basic architecture of the ASP.Net framework is as shown below. This is the standard protocol used across all web applications. Similarly, you could also relish numerous advantages with ASP.Net. Only face the drawbacks with operating expertise and understanding, and you can simply build great quality apps as well as websites.

Unlike PHP, JavaScript and Ruby (which fall under the “interpreted code“ category), compiled code doesn’t demand that extra step. This usually makes it faster and more scalable for development. The Dot Net tech solves some essential issues most developers struggle with, such as memory management, security, and exceptional handling.

We can use ASP.Net for front-end and back-end development. ASP.NET is an open-source, server-side web application framework. It was created by Microsoft at the beginning of the century and it runs on Windows. ASP.NET makes it possible for developers to create web applications, web services, and dynamic content-driven websites. It is used for creating solutions based on HTML5, CSS, and JavaScript that are simple, fast, and can scale to lots and lots of users. CLR is a platform on which the .Net programs are implemented and have characteristics such as exception handling, garbage collection, and working with numerous languages.

ASP.NET Core merges ASP.NET MVC, ASP.NET Web API, and ASP.NET Web Pages into one application framework. When a browser requests an ASP or ASP.NET file, the ASP engine reads the file, executes any code in the file, and returns the result to the browser. ASP is a development framework for building web pages.

Web Building

In this chapter, you will see some basic fundamental of the .Net framework. The runtime of ASP.NET modifies the .aspx page within an example of a class as the .Net framework, which obtains from the base class page. Consequently, any page of ASP.NET is an object, and all its elements, for example, the objects, are also server-side controls.

It comprises of abundant controls like the buttons, text boxes, and labels for compiling, configuring, and handling the code to build HTML pages. An open-source web application framework developed by Microsoft in web development design is ASP.Net. The application is developed on the server-side and helps in making dynamic web pages. ASP.Net is written in .Net languages and has an Apache license. It uses HTTP commands and works with HTTP protocol to have proper communication of browser and server level. It simplifies the working of websites and applications as it builds a library of many codes and tools.

how asp net works

The web application of an ASP.NET is composed of pages. While a user inquires about an ASP.NET page, the Internet Information Services delegates the procedures of the page to the runtime of the ASP.NET system. The .Net framework could also be utilized to build both applications based on Form and Web. In addition, the web services can be developed employing the .Net framework. Websites and apps built with ASP.NET have the potential to be a lot faster and more efficient than websites and apps built with PHP and JavaScript, for example. ASP.NET apps are compiled, which in layman’s terms means the code is translated into object code, which is then executed.

Advantages and Disadvantages of ASP.NET Framework

That’s why we termed ASP.NET as a subset of the .NET Framework. However, if you have a bigger team, you will need to pay for the license to use the Visual Studio. The prices are actually okay when you asp net usage compare them with other integrated development environments and other programming platforms. Common Language Routine – also known as CLI ; This is a platform on which Dot Net programs are executed on.

  • Now I’m going to deploy this application, I use web deployment MSI which creates the required files in the one folder called folderdelopyed.
  • We need to specify the routing parameters in the webApiConfig.cs file.
  • As you can see from everything written above, ASP.NET is a great framework to use when developing websites and web applications.
  • The most common library used for web applications in .net is the Web library.

The session state is the combined information gathered from numerous pages the user hit and worked with, for example, the comprehensive session state. ASP.NET is built on the CLR which allows the programmers to execute its code using any .NET language(C#, VB etc.). Since the 2016’s ASP.NET Core release that made it possible for users to host ASP. NET applications on Linux, macOS, and Windows as well , the overall server cost has also been significantly cut down to size. Today, handling serious dev projects on ASP.NET is a pretty reasonable process from a financial point of view, too. The ASP.NET runtime transforms the .aspx page into an instance of a class, which inherits from the base class page of the .Net framework.

By making this separation, it becomes easier to maintain the ASP.Net application. There will be another file called MyPage.aspx.cs which would denote the code part of the page. So Visual Studio creates separate files for each web page, one for the design part and the other for the code. The technology of ASP.NET operates on the .Net framework that includes every web-related operationally. The .Net framework is based on the object-oriented hierarchy.


Developers use it for running key activities like exception handling and garbage collection. It is the technology used for working with data and databases. It provides access to data sources like SQL server, OLE DB, XML etc.

how asp net works

Within this framework, developers can separate the design from the code, which makes it easier for them to maintain the ASP.NET app. It imparts data querying capabilities to .Net languages using a syntax which is similar to the tradition query language SQL. Classes, interfaces, structures, and enumerated values, which are collectively called types. As a process, the request is received by the web server, i.e. IIS, which in return gives the appropriate file from memory.


The .Net framework is made of an object-oriented hierarchy. When a user requests an ASP.NET page, the IIS delegates the processing of the page to the ASP.NET runtime system. The page state is the state of the client, i.e., the content of various input fields in the web form.

How application works?

It elongates from the model of communication, which is driven through the event to the web applications. It works as a browser submits a form on the web to the server web, and it returns a complete page of mark up or the HTML page in answer. Then, every user activity from the end of clients is sent to the server for the stately procedure. Finally, the procedure of server the client action output and provokes the results. The Web API routing works a bit differently compared to the way that it works in MVC.

Assembly is a logical unit consisting of the assembly manifest, type metadata, IL code, and a set of resources like image files. Items are selected from a page, say the items page, and the total collected items and price are shown on a different page, say the cart page. Only HTTP cannot keep track of all the information coming from various pages. ASP.NET session state and server side infrastructure keeps track of the information collected globally over a session. ASP.NET is used to produce interactive, data-driven web applications over the internet. It consists of a large number of controls such as text boxes, buttons, and labels for assembling, configuring, and manipulating code to create HTML pages.

It operates on all of the HTTP protocols and utilizes the commands of HTTP and procedures to establish reciprocal communication from the browser to the server and collaboration. These codes could be utilized in the complete hierarchy of levels in it. For example, ASP.NET application codes could be produced in the following languages such as C#, J#, Jscript, and Visual Basic.Net. It could also be utilized to generate reciprocated and web applications operated through data across the internet.